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Adjuma Pepper

Adjuma Pepper SHU

Scoville Rating
Adjuma : 100,000 - 350,000 SHU
Adjuma is a variety of Capsicum Chinese chili pepper. The fruits of this plant are bell shaped. They are either red or yellow in color. It is a very hot pepper that is frequently used in the Surinam and Antillean cuisine. Adjuma is one of the hottest peppers in Capsicum Chinese family but less aromatic than Madame Jeanette. Adjuma chilies are sometimes sold as Scotch Bonnet or Habanero due to their similarities. These peppers may rate up to 500,000 SHU’s on the Scoville scale.

How to grow the plant

It is very easy to cultivate these plants. A temperature of 18 0 C to 32 0 C is required for the seeds to germinate. These temperatures should go lower when the plant is growing. The average temperatures for growth should be 14 0 C to 32 0 C. The seeds should be sown at a depth of 0.5 cm and a distance of 5 cm. They take 100 days to reach maturity. A mature Adjuma plant can have a height of 70-80 cm and width of 30 inches. The plants produce good yields.

Adjuma is a hardy plant. On a scale of 1-10, it rates 6. A soil with a pH value of 7.0 to 8.5 is required for the growth of the plant. You may also add nitrogen fertilizers to improve the yields. If well planted, this plant can survive for several seasons.

The fruits are light green when unripe. They change to yellow or red when ripe. These peppers are very hot. But they are not a sweet and flavorful like other peppers in Capsicum Chinese family.

Make sure that your plant is well maintained to prolong its life. This involves providing the right conditions for growth like enough water and sunlight. You should also use the recommended pesticides to protect the fruits from pests. You may ask other farmers or experts to help you in choosing the right pesticides for your plants.

How to Preserve Adjuma Peppers

You need to preserve your peppers after harvesting them. You can put them in bag and then preserve them in a freezer. This can preserve your pepper for about a year. The peppers can also be preserved by drying. The dried pepper is crushed to powder and then stored. This pepper can be added to sauces and other dishes.

Adjuma is sold in supermarkets, stores and in online stores. You can read the directions of using the pepper from several websites. It is easy to use this pepper in food. You should only use small quantities of this hot pepper to avoid spoiling your food. You should also avoid eye and skin contact. This is because the hot pepper can lead to skin irritation.

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Photo Credit: Wikipedia