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Mustard Habanero

Mustard Habanero

Scoville Rating
Mustard Habanero : 200,000 - 300,000 SHU
Mustard Habanero is a kind of Chinense Pepper and belongs to the Capsicum family. The botanical name of this fiery pepper is “Capsicum Chinense” and Mustard Habanero is basically a pepper of heirloom or open pollinated variety. It is so named because of the color of its fruit which is bright mustard.


When these chilies start off, they are light green in color and have glorious purple highlights. However, soon they transform into a lovely mustard shade and after that, the color becomes flaming orange. Regular habaneros and mustard habaneros often have a comparable flavor.


Despite misconceptions regarding its origin, Mustard Habanero originates in the United States. It was found to be growing alongside the Habanero plants of James Weaver in his Pennsylvania gardens. It was Weaver who noticed the variation. Then, he developed an interesting and stable variety out of it.

Growing Habits

Whilst growing, the Mustard Habanero follows an erect path. It is an annual/perennial plant and thus, it gets matured and completes its entire life-cycle in a span of a single year (sometimes more).

In order to have amazing growing results, peat pots should be avoided for Mustard Habaneros. Instead, a location should be chosen in the garden that gets dappled sun. Watering for Mustard Habanero is moderate. It should be remembered that the plant is delicate and tender. Thus, it should only be moved outside when the temperature is above freezing and soil is considerably warm.

If Mustard Habanero is to be grown from seed stage, it should be started indoors about 6 – 8 weeks before the frost sets. The seed spacing must be around 30.48 cm (11.89”) and the sowing depth should be around 0.64 cm (0.25”).

The plant takes 10 days to germinate and about 95 -100 days to mature. Feb – Mar (Northern Hemisphere) or Aug – Oct (Southern Hemisphere) are the best sowing months and Apr – Jun (Northern Hemisphere) or Aug – Oct (Southern Hemisphere) are the best months to plant it outside.


The Mustard Habanero is fairly fuss free and requires low maintenance to thrive. The growth is easy as well but all through the year, it must get a basic level of care. This means that if the grower provides the right amount of water and sunlight, and follows the soil requirements properly, the plant will become healthy and the fruits would be magnificent.


Transplanted Mustard Habanero should be grown about 2 weeks after the frost. Because of the delicacy of the plant, it is always advisable for the harsh frost to have passed before the plant moves outside.


Maturity and harvesting time for the plant arrives around mid-summer.

Soil and Nitrogen

Silt soil is best for growing the Mustard Habanero. It requires medium nitrogen to flourish.

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Photo Credit: Rincon Del Chili